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All you need to know about the new Mirai hydrogen car

Posted by: on November 18th, 2014 No Comments

 

The Mirai signals the start of a new age of vehicles. Using hydrogen – an important future energy source – to generate electricity, the Mirai achieves superior environmental performance with the convenience and driving pleasure expected of any car.

The Mirai uses the Toyota Fuel Cell System (TFCS), which features both fuel cell technology and hybrid technology, and includes Toyota’s new proprietary FC Stack and high-pressure hydrogen tanks. The TFCS is more energy efficient than internal combustion engines and emits no CO2 or pollutants when driven. Drivers can also expect the same level of convenience as offered by gasoline engine vehicles, with a generous cruising range and a hydrogen refuelling time of about three minutes.

 

Hydrogen-powered fuel cell vehicle: Toyota Mirai

 

The Mirai delivers everything expected from a next-generation car: an immediately recognizable design; driving exhilaration stemming from superior handling stability achieved by a low center of gravity; and quiet but powerful acceleration provided by the electric motor.

 

TFCS provides superior environmental performance and convenience

The Mirai features the TFCS, a fusion of fuel cell technology with hybrid technology.

The system uses Toyota-developed components including the Toyota FC Stack, FC boost converter, and high-pressure hydrogen tanks.

Toyota FC Stack

The new Toyota FC Stack achieves a maximum output of 114 kW (155 DIN hp) and a world-leading power output density of 3.1 kW/L (2.2 times higher than that of the previous Toyota FCHV-adv limited-lease model).

FC Boost Converter

A new compact, high-efficiency, high-capacity converter has been developed to boost power generated in the Toyota FC Stack to 650 volts. Increasing the voltage has made it possible to reduce the size of the electric motor and the number of Toyota FC Stack fuel cells, leading to a smaller, higher-performance Toyota Fuel Cell System, thereby reducing system costs.

High-pressure Hydrogen Tanks

Tanks with a three-layer structure made of carbon fiber-reinforced plastic and other materials are used to store hydrogen at a very high pressure of 70 MPa (70 megapascals, or approximately 700 bar). Compared to the high pressure hydrogen tanks used in the Toyota FCHV-adv model, tank storage has been increased by approximately 20 percent.

 

Superior handling stability and outstanding quietness enhances driving pleasure

The high output Toyota FC Stack and optimal battery power control drive the electric motor and ensure powerful responsiveness at all vehicle speeds. This provides an immediate increase in torque at the first press of the accelerator, and powerful and smooth acceleration thereafter.

Handling stability and ride comfort are both improved through the location of major parts such as the Toyota FC Stack and high pressure hydrogen tanks centrally under the floor to achieve a low centre of gravity and superior front-and-rear weight distribution, as well as the use of a high-rigidity body, which features enhanced rigidity around the rear suspension.

 

Impressive driving dynamics

 

The full under-floor cover and aerodynamically designed clearance lights reduce wind resistance and contribute to improved fuel efficiency and handling stability. Aero fins employed at the side of the rear combination lamps also improve straight-driving stability.

Outstanding quietness is achieved by electric motor drive at all speeds and reduced wind noise, plus full sealing of all body parts, and the use of sound-absorbing and sound-blocking materials optimally arranged around the cabin, including the use of noise-reducing glass for the windshield and all door windows.

The  brake support mode makes efficient use of regenerative braking and improves braking performance when the driver wishes to greatly reduce vehicle speed such as when negotiating long downhill sections of road.

 

Mirai Main Vehicle Specifications

FC stack Name Toyota FC Stack
Type Polymer electrolyte fuel cell
Volume power density 3.1 kW/L
Maximum output 114 kW (155 DIN hp)
Humidification system Internal circulation (humidifier-less)
High-pressure hydrogen tank Number of tanks 2
Nominal working pressure 70 MPa (approx. 700 bar)
Tank storage density 5.7 wt%
Tank internal volume 122.4 liters (front tank: 60.0 liters; rear tank: 62.4 liters)
Motor Type AC synchronous electric generator
Maximum output 113 kW (154 DIN hp)
Maximum torque 335 Nm
Battery Type Nickel-metal hydride
Dimensions, weight and roominess Length 4,890 mm
Width 1,815 mm
Height 1,535 mm
Wheel-base 2,780 mm
Track (front/rear) 1,535/1,545 mm
Minimum ground clearance 130 mm
Interior length 2,040 mm
Interior width 1,465 mm
Interior height 1,185 mm
Curb weight 1,850 kg
Seating 4

 

Wacth our Mirai video on YouTube for more details.

 

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Fuel cell: hybrid experience leading to the car of the future

Posted by: on November 14th, 2014 Comments Off

 

Thanks to its hybrid knowledge, Toyota created the first fuel cell production car. It is a vehicle driven by an electric motor powered by the electricity generated by the chemical reaction between on-board hydrogen and airborne oxygen. Compared to the Prius, the new Toyota Fuel Cell Sedan has replaced its combustion engine by a fuel cell stack and its fuel tank by a hydrogen tank. Two high-pressure tanks actually, that store the hydrogen at a pressure up to 700 bar and that can be filled up in about 3 minutes. The only emission is water.

Hydrogen + Oxygen --> Electricity + Water

 

Built on the hybrid architecture, the Toyota Fuel Cell Sedan features a battery, a boost converter, an electric motor and a power control unit for the handling of the 4 different phases of working.

At very low load driving, meaning at very low speeds or in traffic jams, it is the battery only that provides the energy to drive the car.

At low load driving, meaning at low speeds like in city centres, the fuel cell stack provides enough energy for feeding the electric motor and simultaneously charging the battery.

At high load driving, when a lot of power is required, the fuel cell stack and the battery work together in order to boost the acceleration.

And then, as for a hybrid car, energy is recovered during braking and used for recharging the battery.
The fuel cell stack is composed by hundreds of cells. In each cell it works as follows:

1. Hydrogen is supplied to the anode side.
2. Hydrogen molecules activated by the anode catalyst release electrons.
3. The electrons released from hydrogen travel from the anode to the cathode, creating an electrical current.
4. Hydrogen molecules that released electrons become hydrogen ions and move through the membrane
5. Hydrogen ions bond with oxygen and electrons on the cathode catalyst to form water.

By generating its own electricity from hydrogen, the fuel cell car can help make a future hydrogen based society a reality, and contributes to energy diversification.

Have a look at our Fuel cell video on YouTube!

 

 

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Live blog – 2014 Paris Motor Show : Fuel Cell Sedan

Posted by: on October 2nd, 2014 Comments Off

A few seconds before the cloth falls down

Powering the future

We consider fuel cell to be a key technology to future mobility – and on our stand at Paris we have another showstopper: the Fuel Cell Sedan. After 20 years of development, our first production hydrogen car, the Fuel Cell Sedan will be coming to Europe in the summer of 2015, initially available in the UK, Germany and Denmark.

 

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Live blog – 2014 Paris Motor Show : Toyota C-HR Concept

Posted by: on October 2nd, 2014 Comments Off

C-HR Concept: a strong hint at a future design direction for Toyota cars

 

Making its world debut and capturing everyone’s attention at the show is a vision of our future with Hybrid – the synthesis of 20 years of creativity – the C-HR Concept car. Just as the RAV4 brought a fresh and unique view to the 4×4 market in 1994, the Toyota C-HR Concept represents Toyota’s unique view of the compact crossover segment.

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Live blog – 2014 Paris Motor Show : Toyota iRoad – The agility of a motorcycle, the comfort of a car

Posted by: on October 2nd, 2014 Comments Off

 

Agile electric 3-wheeler that is safe and weatherproof

Less than 2 years after Toyota first revealed its i-ROAD concept vehicle. Now we are showing much improved 2-seater version of the Personal Mobility Vehicle (PMV). And it`s a  European debut for the little one at the 2014 Paris Motor Show.


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